Branzi is one of the oldest and most typical cheeses of the Bergamo Alps and is named after the village in the Upper Brembana Valley, in the province of Bergamo, where its traditional production originated.

Originally the herdsmen moved their herds from the barns in the mountains and plains to the mountain pastures of the upper valley of the Brembo river. They then took the cheeses they had made at high altitudes to the Branzi dairies.

Then in autumn when the herdsmen descended, the fair of San Matteo attracted the merchants of the region, ready to contend for batches of that cheese with its straw colour and mild, delicate and characteristic flavour, largely due to the plants found in the forage of those mountains.